Subject: Fwd: What's a Bastel?
From: lochwood <>
Date: 6/1/2021, 5:06 PM
To: lochwood <>

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From: Jeffrey Johnstone <>
Sent: Tuesday, June 1, 2021 8:00:42 AM
To: lochwood <>
Subject: What's a Bastel?

Raecleuch Farm


Dryfe Sands

A Novel of Scotlandís Bitterest Clan Feud

Now available as hardcover, e- book and paperback on Amazon

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     Dryfe Sands now has readers in the U.S., Canada, the U.K., France, and Australia!


     Welcome to my latest newsletter!   

     A number of years ago, before the M-74 was built to Glasgow, my wife and I visited a working farm in Dumfriesshire, Scotland, that was still called called Raecleuch (sometimes spelled Raecleugh) after hundreds of years. The farm was in Moffat Parish near the border of Lanarkshire. The farmer showed us the remains of of a building foundation next to a barn. There wasn't much to see, but that was all that was left of the sixteenth century structure that had once stood at Raecleuch. Since that time, the motorway has been built through the area and Raecleuch farm has been abandoned

   It used to be thought that the old building, the remains of which are located at Raecleuch, had been a Tower House.  It is now thought more likely that the building was a Bastel or bastle,  a form of fortified farmhouse, said to be so called from the French "bastille." There are not many examples of bastels remaining in Scotland, although there are a number of well-preserved bastels in northern England, near the Scottish border. 

     The sixteenth century building at Raecleuch was the home of Robert Johnstone of Raecleuch, a real historical person and the main character in the novel Dryfe Sands.


Raecleuch (Canmore)

Raecleuch (Scotland's Places)

Raecleuch Farm

Raecleuch Farm - Map

Pele Tower Houses vs Bastels

Castles and Fortified Houses

Castles in Dumfries and Galloway

Map of Parishes in Dumfriesshire



Jeffrey Johnstone | 62 Babcock Drive, Rochester, NY 14610
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